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Genetic heterogeneity and local adaptation of Asian seabass across Indonesian Archipelago revealed with gene-associated SNP markers

Wang, A., Wan, Z.Y., Lim, H.S., Yue, G.H.

Asian seabass is an important marine foodfish species in Asia-Pacific region. Previous studies using microsatellites and mitochondrial DNA sequences showed that the populations in Australia are significantly different from those in Southeast Asia. However, within Australian and Southeast Asian populations, there are some conflicts regarding to population differentiations. It is essential for us to use more DNA markers to examine the population structure of Asian seabass. We collected Asian seabass samples from seven wild populations distributed across Indonesian Archipelago from Southeast Asia to Australia and Papua New Guinea. We measured the genetic diversity within each population and analyzed the genetic relationships among the wild populations using 96 SNPs. We detected significant population differentiations among the seven wild populations of Asian seabass. The genetic diversity in Southeast Asian populations was significantly higher than that in Australian and Papua New Guinean populations. There were significant genetic differentiations among the Australian and Papua New Guinean populations while the differentiation in Southeast Asian populations was minor. In addition, we identified footprints of directional selection at three loci using outlier tests. Our data supply useful information about the management of wild stocks of Asian seabass and the use of wild Asian seabass to start a breeding program.

Citation

Wang, A., Wan, Z.Y., Lim, H.S., Yue, G.H. "Genetic heterogeneity and local adaptation of Asian seabass across Indonesian Archipelago revealed with gene-associated SNP markers" Fisheries Research (2015): 205–11