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Heparin reduces nonspecific eosinophil staining artifacts in mass cytometry experiments

Rahman, A.H., Tordesillas L., Berin M.C.

The analysis of heterogeneous cell samples by mass cytometry (CyTOF®) relies on the assumption that metal labeled antibodies accurately bind to their target antigens. We report a previously unappreciated experimental artifact of non-specific antibody binding by eosinophils during intracellular CyTOF analysis of human whole blood samples. We hypothesized that this non-specific binding results from a charge-based interaction between the metal-labeled antibodies and highly cationic proteins found in eosinophilic granules and found that this non-specific staining artifact could be reduced to background levels with a simple blocking protocol using heparin as a competing anionic protein. This protocol eliminates a potential source of erroneous data interpretation in all experiments involving intracellular staining of human whole blood samples, and allows accurate assessment of dynamic changes in intracellular proteins in eosinophils by CyTOF.

Citation

Rahman, A.H., Tordesillas L., Berin M.C. "Heparin reduces nonspecific eosinophil staining artifacts in mass cytometry experiments" Cytometry Part A (2016): 601–7