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LRRK2 Mutant iPSC-Derived DA Neurons Demonstrate Increased Susceptibility to Oxidative Stress

Nguyen, H.N., Byers, B., Cord, B., Shcheglovitov, A., Byrne, J., Gujar, P., Kee, K., Schüle, B., Dolmetsch, R.E., Langston, W., Palmer, T., Pera, R.R.

Studies of Parkinson’s disease (PD) have been greatly hindered by lack of access to affected human dopaminergic (DA) neurons. Here, we report generation of induced pluripotent stem cells that carry the p.G2019S mutation (G2019S-iPSCs) in the Leucine-Rich Repeat Kinase-2 (LRRK2) gene, the most common PD-related mutation. We demonstrate that these G2019S-iPSCs were able to differentiate into DA neurons and showed increased expression of key oxidative stress response genes and α-synuclein protein. Moreover, G2019S-mutant DA neurons were more sensitive to caspase-3 activation, caused by exposure to hydrogen peroxide, MG-132, and 6-hydroxydopamine, compared to unaffected DA neurons. These findings suggest that G2019S-iPSC-derived DA neurons exhibit early phenotypes linked to PD. Due to high penetrance of the LRRK2 mutation and its clinical resemblance to sporadic PD, these neurons may provide a valuable platform for identification of novel pharmacological agents and diagnostics for modeling and alleviation of a subset of disease phenotypes.

Citation

Nguyen, H.N., Byers, B., Cord, B., Shcheglovitov, A., Byrne, J., Gujar, P., Kee, K., Schüle, B., Dolmetsch, R.E., Langston, W., Palmer, T., Pera, R.R. "LRRK2 Mutant iPSC-Derived DA Neurons Demonstrate Increased Susceptibility to Oxidative Stress" Cell Stem Cell (2011): 267–80