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Quantifying the dynamics of hematopoiesis by in vivo IdU pulse-chase, mass cytometry, and mathematical modeling

Erez, A., Mukherjee, R., and Altan-Bonnet, G.

We present a new method to directly quantify the dynamics of differentiation of multiple cellular subsets in unperturbed mice. We combine a pulse-chase protocol of 5-iodo-2'-deoxyuridine (IdU) injections with subsequent analysis by mass cytometry (CyTOF) and mathematical modeling of the IdU dynamics. Measurements by CyTOF allow for a wide range of cells to be analyzed at once, due to the availability of a large staining panel without the complication of fluorescence spillover. These are also compatible with direct detection of integrated iodine signal, with minimal impact on immunophenotyping based on the surface markers. Mathematical modeling beyond a binary classification of surface marker abundance allows for a continuum of cellular states as the cells transition from one state to another. Thus, we present a complete and robust method for directly quantifying differentiation at the systemic level, allowing for system-wide comparisons between different mouse strains and/or experimental conditions. 

Citation

Erez, A., Mukherjee, R., and Altan-Bonnet, G. "Quantifying the dynamics of hematopoiesis by in vivo IdU pulse-chase, mass cytometry, and mathematical modeling" Cytometry Part A (2019): doi: 10.1002/cyto.a.23799.